Ahoy ! Firstly: Sincere thank you to everyone on this forum for their generosity of spirit and willingness to assist. I have a Jaguar S-type; and, I joined in the list seeking information on the parts and systems in common with the LS. The welcome mat was unrolled for me and, advice and counsel flooded in. Not a disparaging word. Thank you, all. Secondly: I've been reading numerous posts in the site and have become informed of how remarable a car the LS is. Wow! I never imagined that Lincoln had authentically placed its elegant, best-in-class soul into the sport thoroghbred blood line. In honesty, I am going to start looking for an LS to purchase. Best Regards.